Religion & Spirituality

Lord Parshuram – 108 Shiva Temples in Kerala Created By Parasurama


Lord Parshuram and 108 Shiva Temples in Kerela

Parshuram Avatar Story

Parshuram was the sixth Avatar of Vishnu. He was the son of sage Jamadagni and Renuka. Rishi Jamadagni was known for his temper. Parshuram was a devotee of Shiva and he received  a Parshu (a weapon) from Lord Shiva as a boon  thus the name Parshram was given to him. Shiva also tought him war skills. As a child Parshuram was a keen learner and he always obeyed his Father Rishi Jamadgani. Parshurama was the first Warrior Brahmin and he is also called Brahmakshatriya(both Brahmin and Kshatriya means warrior) his mother Renuka Devi was a daughter of Kshatriya’s And after receiving a Parshu from Lord Shiva it has become impossible for any one on the earth to defeat him.

Parshurama’s parents were great spiritual achievers his Mother Renuka devi had  command over  the water elments and his father Jamadgani over fire. its even said that Renuka devi could fetch water in the even in a wet clay pot. Once Rishi Jamadgani asked Renuka Devi to fetch water in the clay pot, some how Renuka Devi was distracted from the thought of being a women and the clay pot broke. Seeing Renuka Devi wet the enraged Jamadgani  called his son Parshurama. He ordered Parshurama to cut Renuka devi’s head. Parshuram obeyed his father. Rishi Jamadgani was so pleased with his son that he asked him for a boon.

Parshurama asked Rishi Jamadgani to restore the breaths of his mother, thus Rishi Jamadgani who was the owner of Divya Shakties (divine Powers) brought back the life of Renuka Devi.

Rishi Jamadgani and Renuka Devi both were blessed not only for having Parshuram as their son but they were also given the Kamdhenu Cow. Once Rishi Jamadgani went out from  his Ashram and in the mean while some Kshatriyas (worriers) arrived at their Ashram. They were in search of food, the Ashram Devies gave them food they were so surprised to see the magical cow Kaamdhenu, the cow would give any Dish she asked for.  They were so amused and they put up the purposal of buying the cow for their king Kartavirya Sahasrarjuna, but all the Ashram sahadus (sages) and Devies refused. they forcefuly took away the cow.

Parshurama killed the entire army of King Kartavirya Sahasrarjun and restored the magical cow. In Revenge Kartavirya Sahasrarjun’s son killed Jamadgani. When ParshuRama returned to the ashram he saw his father’s body . He noticed the 21 scars on Jamadgani’s body and took the pledge to kill all unjust kshatriyas 21 time on this earth. he killed all the sons of king.

Parshurama tought war skills to Bhishma Pitamha, Dronacharya and even to Karana. (all these are characters of Mahabharata). Parshurama is Immortal it is even belived that he still lives on the earth and he will even teach war skills to Kalaki, the tenth Avatar of Vishnu who is come on the earth in the end of Kalyug.

Story of Lord Ganesha and Parshurama

Once Parshurama went to see Lord Shiva on Kailasha . Lord Ganesha came into his way, who was ordered by his mother Parvati to prevent anybody to come and disturb them. Parshurama threatned ganesha and ask him to fight with him if he want to stop him from meeting Shiva. In this fight Parshurama cutt off Ganesha left Tusk. when Goddess Parvati saw this she lost her temper. godess took the form of Adhhi Shakti in anger that even shiva was unable to please her. She told that Parshurama is not satisfied with the blood of Kastriya’s that he wants to harm my son. Ganesha asked his Mother to forgive Parshurama and he some how succeded in pleasing his mother. Parshurama was so pleased with Ganesha that he gave him his parshu and blessed him.

108 Shiva Temples in Kerala created by Lord Parasurama

According to the legends, Lord Parasurama created the land between Gokarna and Kanyakumari. Lord Parasurama the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu was the son of Sage Jamadagni and Renuka. As a mark of repentance for Kshatriya Nigraha sin, Parasurama meditated at Gokarna and invoked Lord Varuna (the Lord of the Oceans). Parasurama asked him for a boon. To absolve himself of the sins he had committed, he wanted to donate some land to the Brahmins. There was no land available because he already donated the whole land he obtained by the 21 round Kshatriya Nigraha to Sage Kashyapa.

Lord Varuna told Parasurama that he would give him as much land as he wished. He told him to fling his Parasu (axe) from where he stood at Gokarna. The land from Gokarna till the point where the axe landed would be given to him was the boon that Lord Varuna promised him. The throw of the `axe’ from Gokarna to Kanyakumari created Kerala. Parasurama donated this land to the Brahmins and settled Brahmins there in 64 gramams or villages.

32 out of the 64 gramams are in the Tulu speaking region (in between Gokarnam and Perumpuzha) and the remaining 32 gramams are in the Malayalam speaking region(in between Perumpuzha and Kanyakumari) in Kerala. Those in Kerala listed in the Keralopatti, the narrative of Kerala history are –

  1. Payyannoor
  2. Perumchelloor (Talipparambu)
  3. Alatthiyoor
  4. Karanthol
  5. Chokiram (Shukapuram)
  6. Panniyoor
  7. Karikkau
  8. Isaanamangalam
  9. Thrussivaperoor
  10. Peruvanam.
  11. Chamunda (Chemmanta)
  12. Irungatikkootal (Iringalakkuda)
  13. Avattiputhur (Avittathoor)
  14. Paravoor
  15. Airanikkulam
  16. Muzhikkalam
  17. Kuzhavur
  18. Atavur
  19. Chenganatu(Chengamanadu)
  20. Ilibhyam
  21. Uliyannoor
  22. Kalutanatu.
  23. Ettumanoor
  24. Kumaranalloor
  25. Kadamuri
  26. Aranmula
  27. Tiruvalla
  28. Kidangoor
  29. Chengannoor
  30. Kaviyoor
  31. Venmani
  32. Neermanna (Niranam)

After the creation of these gramams, Parasurama had consecrated 108 Shiva temples and 108 Durga temples for the well-being and prosperity of the people in Kerala . Among these 216 temples, the Lord Shiva of Gokarnam Mahabaleswara Temple in the north and Goddess Kumari of Kanyakumari temple in the south were considered as the protectors of Kerala.

The first Shivalaya created by Parasurama was the Thrissivaperoor Vadakkunnatha Temple and the last one was the Thrikkariyoor Mahadeva Temple.

List of 108 Siva Temples 

1. Dakshina Kailasam Thrissivaperoor Vadakkunnatha Temple

2. Udayamperoor Ekadasi Perumthrikkovil Mahadeva Temple / Peroor Kaipayil Shiva Temple

3. Raveeswarapuram Temple Kodungalloor / Iraveeswaram Mahadeva Temple Kudamaloor

4. Sucheendram Sthanumalaya Perumal Temple

5. Chowara Chidmbareswara Temple

6. Mathoor Shiva Temples

7. Trippangott Shiva Temple

8. Mundayoor Or Mundoor Shiva Temple

9. Thirumandhamkunnu Mahadeva Temple

10. Chowalloor Shiva Temple

11. Panancheri Mudikkode Shiva Temple

12.Koratty Annamanada Mahadeva Temple / Thrukkoratty Mahadeva Temple

13. Puramundekkat Mahadeva Temple

14. Avanoor Sreekandeswaram Mahadeva Temple

15. Kolloor Mookambika Temple

16. Thirumangalam Mahadeva Temple

17. Thrikkariyoor Mahadeva Temple

18. Kunnathu Mahadeva Temple

19. Velloor Perunthatta Mahadeva Temple

20. Ashtamangalam Mahadeva Temple

21. Iranikkulam Mahadeva Temple

22. Kainoor Mahadeva Temple

23. Gokarnam Mahabaleswara Temple

24. Ernakulam Mahadeva Temple

25. Pazhoor Perumthrikkovil Mahadeva Temple

26. Adattu Mahadeva Temple

27. Parippu Mahadeva Temple

28. Sasthamangalam Mahadeva Temple

29. Perumparambu Mahadeva Temple

30. Trukkoor Mahadeva Temple

31. Panayoor Paloor Mahadeva Temple

32. Vytila Nettoor Mahadeva Temple

33. Vaikom Mahadeva Temple

34. Rameswaram Mahadeva Temple Kollam

35. Rameswaram Mahadeva Temple Amaravila

36. Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple

37. Edakkolam Kanjilassery Mahadeva Temple

38. Chemmanthitta Mahadeva Temple

39. Aluva Mahadeva Temple

40. Thirumittakkod Anchumoorthy Temple

41. Cherthala Velorvattom Mahadeva Temple

42. Kallattupuzha Mahadeva Temple

43. Thrukkunnu Mahadeva Temple

44. Cheruvathoor Mahadeva Temple

45. Poonkunnam Mahadeva Temple

46. Trukkapaleeswaram Mahadeva Temple Nadapuram

47. Trukkapaleeswaram Mahadeva Temple Peralassery

48. Trukkapaleeswaram Mahadeva Temple Niranam

49. Avittathoor Mahadeva Temple

50. Kodumon Angadikkal Perumala Tali Maha Shiva Temple / Parumala Valiya Panayannarkavu Temple

51. Kollam Anandavalleeswaram Mahadeva Temple

52. Kattakambala Mahadeva Temple

53. Pazhayannoor Kondazhi Trutham Tali

54. Perakom Mahadeva Temple

55. Chakkamkulangara Mahadeva Temple

56. Kumaranalloor Temple / Enkakkad Veeranimangalam Mahadeva Temple

57. Cheranelloor Mahadeva Temple

58. Maniyoor Mahadeva Temple

59. Nediya Tali Mahadeva Temple

60. Kozhikkode Tali Mahadeva Temple

61. Thazhathangady Tali Mahadeva Temple

62. Kaduthuruthy Tali Mahadeva Temple

63. Kodungalloor Mahadeva Temple

64. Vanchiyoor Sreekandeswaram Mahadeva Temple

65. Thiruvanjikkulam Mahadeva Temple

66. Padanayarkulangara Mahadeva Temple

67. Truchattukulam Mahadeva Temple / Kadungalloor Chittukulam Mahadeva Temple

68. Alathoor Pokkunni Mahadeva Temple

69. Kottiyoor Mahadeva Temple

70. Truppaloor Mahadeva Temple

71. Perunthatta Mahadeva Temple

72. Truthala Mahadeva Temple

73. Thiruvalla Thiruvatta Mahadeva Temple / Thukalassery Mahadeva Temple

74. Vazhappally Mahadeva Temple

75. Puthuppally Changankulangara / Puthuppally Thrukkovil Mahadeva Temple

76. Anchummoorthy Mangalam Mahadeva Temple

77. Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple

78. Kodumbu Mahadeva Temple

79. Ashtamichira Mahadeva Temple

80. Pattanakkad Mahadeva Temple / Mattannoor Mahadeva Temple

81. Uliyannoor Mahadeva Temple

82. Killikkurussimangalam Mahadeva Temple

83. Puthoor Mahadeva Temple

84. Chengannoor Mahadeva Temple

85. Someswaram Mahadeva Temple

86. Venganelloor Mahadeva Temple

87. Kottarakkara Mahadeva Temples

88. Kandiyoor Mahadeva Temple

89. Palayoor Mahadeva Temple

90. Taliparamba Rajarajeswara Temple

91. Nedumpura Kulasekharanelloor Mahadeva Temple

92. Mannoor Mahadeva Temple

93. Trussilery Temple

94. Sringapuram Mahadeva Temple

95. Kottoor Karivelloor Mahadeva Temple

96. Mammiyoor Mahadeva Temple

97. Parabumthali Mahadeva Temple

98. Thirunavaya Mahadeva Temple

99. Karikkode Kanjiramattam Mahadeva Temple

100. Cherthala Nalppathenneeswaram Mahadeva Temple

101. Kottappuram Mahadeva Temple

102. Muthuvara Mahadeva Temple

103. Velappaya Mahadeva Temple

104. Chendamangalam Kunnathoor Tali Mahadeva Temple

105. Thrukkandiyoor Mahadeva Temple

106. Peruvanam Mahadeva Temple

107. Thiruvaloor Mahadeva Temple

108. Chirakkal Mahadeva Temple